Peugeot-ONF Forestry Carbon Sink in the Amazon
Peugeot, ONF International (French National Forestry Board), their Brazilian partners and French Funding for the Worldwide Environment (Fonds Français pour l’Environnement Mondial - FFEM) announce, in parallel with the 13th Peugeot-ONF Comité Scientifique et Technique du Puits de Carbone (Carbon Sink Scientific and Technical Committee) meeting held between the 5th and 8th of November 2012 at the site of the project, the Fazenda Sao Nicolau, in the north west of the state of Mato-Grosso, the start of a huge programme of sustainable development known as “ PETRA”: Plate-forme Expérimentale pour la gestion des Territoires Ruraux de l’Amazonie Légale (Experimental platform for the management of the rural territories of the Brazilian Amazon).
An exemplary project which contributes towards the sustainable development of the north west region of Mato-Grosso
Since 1998 in the north west of Mato-Grosso, in the municipality of Cotriguaçu, Peugeot and the National Office of Forests have developed a reforestation and carbon sink project, covering a site of 10,000 hectares, including 1,800 hectares of bio-diverse plantations on old pasture land, 7,200 hectares of natural forest. This exemplary project has allowed, among other things:
- the planting of 2 million trees of more than fifty native species,
- the creation in November 2009, with the state of Mato-Grosso, of a natural heritage private reservation (Réserve Privée du Patrimoine Naturelle - RPPN) covering 1,815 hectares of forest of very high biological value,
- the certification of the first VCS carbon credits in Brazil (Voluntary Carbon Standard protocol), the income from which is entirely reinvested in the project.
The “PETRA “project aims to give a new dynamic to this initiative by giving it the dimension of a platform for environmental, social and financial resources, exchanges and observations for research and the sustainable development of the north west region of Mato-Grosso, which is furthermore the test and pilot region for Brazilian public policies, allowing the growth of agricultural activity in the regions to be made compatible with the preservation of the forests.
Franco-Brazilian bilateral cooperation
The Peugeot-ONF carbon sink project has created a unique level of know-how that comes from 14 years of experience and numerous long-term Franco-Brazilian partnerships. In promoting PETRA, the Fonds Français pour l’Environnement Mondial, a state organisation – one that will provide a budget of 2 million Euros over 4 years – is true to its mission, that consists of “ favouring the protection of the worldwide environment”, in this case in two of its dimensions : biodiversity and climatic change.
In this way PETRA clearly forms part of the Franco-Brazilian bilateral cooperation, and in particular, with the application of the accord on emphasising the social, economic and environmental value of the natural resources of the Amazonian ecosystem, signed in December 2008 by the two countries. It associates local, regional and national Brazilian organisations directly in the scientific, technical and institutional areas.
Real applications in the short term
PETRA has five components. In the short term, as an example in the field of research, PETRA will allow an increase in the programme of annual support financed by Peugeot and the ONF with help for Franco-Brazilian students in the areas of interest that are priorities for the project : forestry, biodiversity, carbon and applied economic and social sciences. Furthermore, the project will support small local producers in the development of suitable agro-forestry systems.
The Peugeot-ONF Carbon Sink at a glance
A significant contribution over the long term
o 10 million Euros : the initial budget for the project, financed 100 % by Peugeot
o 400,000 Euros : the additional annual budget co-financed by Peugeot and the ONF (since 2005) a significant part of which is for research
o 40 years : the duration of the project (from 1998 to 2038)
The Fazenda Sao-Nicolau in figures
o 1999 : the date of acquisition of the land
o 10,000 hectares : the land area (equivalent to Paris proper)
o 72,00 hectares, the land area of natural forest conserved, including 1,800 hectares of Réserve Privée du Patrimoine Naturel (natural heritage private reservation)
o 1,000 hectares of riverside forest
A reforestation programme with a wide variety of species
o 1,800 hectares of plantation land area (twice the size of the Bois de Vincennes in the Paris region)
o 2 million trees planted
o Biodiversity: 50 species planted including 49 native and one exotic (teak, Tectona grandis). The strongest native species are Figueira Branca (ficus sp.), Aroeira (Astrium sp.), Paneira (Chorisia speciosa)
o 13t CO2/hectare/year since 1999 including 110,000 t CO2 certified (VCS protocol)
o A source of finance entirely reinvested in the project
o 5 years : the period for complete carbon balancing of the plantation
o 500 animal species recorded since 2001, including around twenty heading for extinction (e.g.: jaguar)
o 10 classes of insect, the populations of which have been estimated and monitored since 2001
o 5,000 primary school pupils have visited, as part of the environmental education programmes
o More than 150 students representing around ten different institutions have visited for work on university theses
o Around sixty research or technical study projects carried out at the Fazenda
o Support given to players in the region (agro-forestry with small farms and sustainable management of forests)